Under The Bridge Under The Bridge

Category: Programming
iPhone X Notch-alance

Remember those innocent days a few short months ago when we all spotted the new safeAreaLayoutGuide and thought

Our constraints are now with the top and bottom anchors of the safe area layout guide. This is not a big change…

Oh, sweet naiveté. Did anybody actually call out in advance that subtle little change was foreshadowing THE NOTCHALYPSE? Yes, yes, every time something changes it brings out the fear and loathing no matter what it is, but the level of OMG NEVER BUY APPLE AGAIN … we saw this time, that was unprecedented. Personally, we think a phone with a bat-eared screen is kinda neat, but we’re weird. 

There’s a certain level of enthusiasm out there for clipping and masking and otherwise working around the new roundedness and notchedness … but we think Marco has it right here:

This is the new shape of the iPhone. As long as the notch is clearly present and of approximately these proportions, it’s unique, simple, and recognizable.

It’s probably not going to significantly change for a long time, and Apple needs to make sure that the entire world recognizes it as well as we could recognize previous iPhones.

That’s why Apple has made no effort to hide the notch in software, and why app developers are being told to embrace it in our designs…

So, we’ve got some rewriting to do in the next few weeks to have our apps fit nicely into The Brave New Notched World, and you probably do too we imagine; let’s see what resources are out there!

First off, go over the relevant stuff over at the mothership:

Building Apps for iPhone X

Designing for iPhone X

Updating Your App for iOS 11

Human Interface Guidelines — iPhone X 

Positioning Content Relative to the Safe Area

The great PaintCode people have updated their invaluable 

The Ultimate Guide To iPhone Resolutions

and also have specs for all the Notch attributes at

iPhone X Screen Demystified

More good reads on upgrading UI for the X at

Design for iPhone X

Supporting iPhone X

iPhone X: Designing for the Notch

iPhone X: Dealing with Home Indicator

UI Design for iPhone X: Bottom Elements

How iOS Apps Adapt to the iPhone X Screen Size — and the Adaptivity app showcased here looks like a good purchase!

Adaptivity is an app for developers and designers to visualize how iOS’s Size Classes and margins for layout and readable content look on real devices and how they change with respect to orientation, iPad Slide Over/Split View and Dynamic Type size changes…

Templates to help you out at

Apply Pixel’s iPhone X and iOS 11 UI Kit

iOS Design Kit’s Free iOS 11 GUI for Sketch

If you’re concerned with how your web sites will deal with the Notch, check out

Designing Websites for iPhone X 

Understanding the WebView Viewport in iOS 11

And let’s finish off with the niftiest idea we’ve seen for adapting in a non-approved way with the Notch:

ScrollSnake: “What if scroll bars on the iPhone X worked like the game “Snake”?”

UPDATES:

UI Design for iPhone X: Top Elements and the Notch

Designing for iPhone X: Guidelines to designing for iOS 11

Challenges of Supporting iPhone X

Validate My Experience

So we’re looking at updating one of our apps here for iOS 11 and joining the move to subscriptions which it appears is the only reasonable path to sustaining a productivity app on the horizon, so we’re seeing what’s new in receipt validation to support that, as last time we checked into it was four years ago and all and RMStore we picked then has languished since.

Let’s look around a bit … hmmm … hmmm … oh, what’s this? A comprehensive series walking through the whole process, updated for Swift 3? Well, bit late to the party, but looks like it’s all still relevant, and receipt validation code is something we really ought to write ourselves:

Preparing to Test Receipt Validation for iOS

After having to piece together each step along the path of preparing to test receipt validation for iOS apps, I’ve decided to combine everything into the following guide. Whether you’re working to implement receipt validation for a new iOS app, or for an existing one, this walk-through should provide guidance to get you ready to work with receipts in your iOS application…

Loading a Receipt for Validation with Swift

There are at least 5 steps to validate a receipt, as the Receipt Validation Programming Guide outlines…

Extracting a PKCS7 Container for Receipt Validation with Swift

Before attempting to work with OpenSSL’s PKCS7 functions, you’ve got to do a little prep work to get the functions to play nicely with Swift. Unfortunately, Swift doesn’t work well with C union types. It simply can’t see things defined with a C union…

Receipt Validation – Verifying a Receipt Signature in Swift

The aim of this guide is to help you take a look inside the PKCS #7 container, and verify the presence and authenticity of the signature on the receipt…

Receipt Validation – Parse and Decode a Receipt with Swift

The aim of this guide is to help you parse a receipt and decode it so that you have readable pieces of metadata to inspect and finalize all of the receipt validation steps…

Finalizing Receipt Validation in Swift – Computing a GUID Hash

After finishing this guide, you’ll simply need to use the parsed receipt data to perform any app-specific enabling/disabling of features based on the data within a valid receipt. If the receipt is invalid, you’ll need to handle that as well. But all of the relatively difficult work of working with the Open SSL crypto library will be DONE after this guide….

… The bottom line is that from this point on, you no longer need Open SSL or any additional cryptic, low-level, unsafe pointer-type stuff to finish things out. I hope this series has been helpful in setting you up to validate receipts locally on a user’s device!

That … is a veritably monumental guide to the validation process. And conveniently finished up right when we need it too, thanks ever so much @andrewcbancroft!

UPDATE:

We just beat by a day Messr. Bancroft pulling together his own collection guide, now that you’ve read ours go to the real thing!

Local Receipt Validation for iOS in Swift From Start to Finish

and code at SwiftyLocalReceiptValidator!

YapDatabase: Ditch Core Data

The choice of database technology for our apps has been something of a question for us the last while, where by “last while” we mean since iCloud Core Data was deprecated, which miffed us no end since we’d rather like our apps’ initial releases to Just Work™ across devices for iOS users without jumping through any great hoops or introducing any dependencies on non-Apple services.

So let’s see what’s new in Core Data this year in the iOS 11 release notes! Errr… nothing?

Hmmm. Let’s check out the What’s New In Core Data WWDC 2017 session

kinda thin, don’t you think?

Hmmm, hmmm. Sorta looking like it’s time to seriously evaluate other alternatives, it is.

We liked the looks of RocketData, very Swifty and all, but it … appears to be languishing.

Soooooo, what to do? Well, here is an article that presents an alternative of interest:

Ditching Core Data

I have been using Core Data since iOS 3.0. With few exceptions, it has served entirely as a network cache. Take data from a network response, turn it into a set of objects, save those objects, and update the user interface. Rinse and repeat.

The stack is pretty simple. A set of nested contexts to keep object building off of the main thread, a couple of models that have init(dictionary: NSDictionary), and some find-or-create helpers can get you a long way. The problem is that the apparent simplicity comes with an incredible amount of baggage. Instability, buggy classes, and outdated APIs make building modern apps difficult.

As a community, we have tried to solve these problems by building wrappers around Core Data. These wrappers add their own issues and none of them hide the fact that Core Data was simply not meant to be used like this…

Nodding along here? Yep, us too.

After some research and planning, I landed on a set of features that I wanted in a persistence framework. The list is pretty short:

  • My objects must be plain objects. Requiring model objects to extend a certain base class is painful; especially when you cannot see the source for those classes. I want to know that I can create objects however I like, use them wherever I like, and build my own functionality around them without worrying about what sandbox they belong to.
  • I should not have to worry about concurrency. Tools like closures, Grand Central Dispatch, and NSOperationQueue make it easy to write code that spans many threads. Unpacking objects on background threads that are later used to update interface elements is a common operation that should be simple and easy to reason about.
  • I should not have to write migration code. Frameworks and libraries can and should be smarter than this. Let me describe how I want the database to look. You take care of the rest.
  • I should be able to track and respond to atomic changes. Elements in my application should be able to reload themselves if a single object, or a collection of objects changes. Otherwise it may spend too much time updating things that may not need to be updated, which could have a negative impact on the user experience.

Sounds good. Only thing we’d add as a base requirement is “CloudKit sync” to make the cross-device experience seamless.

And the winner was:

I decided to use YapDatabase. It came highly recommended and it offers support for all of my requirements. YapDatabase is, at its core, a key-value store build on top of SQLite. It has a simple API and is incredibly flexible…

You will notice a few things about my model objects right away: they are completely immutable, they have no knowledge of the persistent store, and no magic superclass. These objects can be passed around the application (and across thread boundaries) without requiring knowledge of the database or how these objects are to be handled…

All database operations in YapDatabase are handled through database connections. YapDatabaseConnection has functions for reading from, writing to, and responding to individual changes in the database. It does all of this in a thread safe manner. One less thing to worry about!

OK, flipping down the feature list there, looks like a solid solution to entry level needs, got a track record and is being easily maintained, just that one little extra base requirement…

• Sync. Support for syncing with Apple’s CloudKit is available out of the box. There’s even a fully functioning example project that demonstrates writing a syncing Todo app.

… well, there we go then. Unless some dramatically superior alternative comes to our attention, next data-storing app we ship will use YapDatabase too, farewell Core Data!

This iOS Goes To 11

Been enough of a while since WWDC ’17 for people to sort out what they find interesting about iOS 11 and all now, so let’s take a look shall we?

The canonical references up at the mothership are

A good TL;DR while you bookmark this for later is What’s new in iOS 11 for developers

iOS 11 By Examples has, surprise, examples of using new iOS 11 APIs:

  • Core ML: Image classification demo using Core ML framework
  • Vision: Face detection, landmarks, and object tracking
  • ARKit: Augmented reality experiences in your app or game
  • Core NFC: Reading of NFC tag payloads.
  • IdentityLookup: SMS and MMS filtering using IdentityLookup framework
  • DeviceCheck: Identifying devices that have used a promo, flagging fraudsters
  • Blogs/Newsletter: Other places that mentioned this list — probably mention more good stuff too!

Personally we’d already been planning to try out iPad-only travel soon, and iOS 11 + new iPad Pro looks like MASSIVE WIN on both fronts — seriously, did anybody at all predict the super duper ProMotion screen? — and the mutitasking stuff is a good bit better than we’d expected, and easy to use, see:

CoreNFC is one of those what took you so long things, but hey better late than never: CoreNFC tutorial

Now that Metal is even more metal to support 120 fps displays and all, they’re Introducing Metal 2

If you do anything with file names in iOS or macOS, make sure you read APFS Native Normalization

One thing worthy of noting as removing what we’d found the major annoyance with UIStackView and likely you too: Stack View Custom Spacing

Also top and layout guides are simplified to Safe Area Layout Guide

Some more little bites, to coin a phrase, at #309: UIFontMetrics and #310: Screen Edges in iOS 11 and #311: Round Corner Improvements

Now, to step back from the API level, some people are very excited about this Business Chat thing:

… I believe that Apple Pay Cash, and the ability to send low transaction amounts with no cost to the sender or the receiver (the business) will be one of the most transformative elements to the impact of Business Chat. This can bring rise to a number of new businesses and applications that may be similar to the “gig economy” of Fivver and other systems…

Business Chat can not only spell the end of the POS system and payment systems as we know it in retail sales, it may also spell the end of the shopping carts and payment systems in online sales. Some may argue this is bombastic…

Yes, maybe a touch. Doesn’t mean it’s wrong though; read the whole thing, and the Business Chat info at the mothership, and see what you think —or read this one that figures it’s not just shopping carts in the crosshairs: Apple Bank here we come

Last one we’ll call out here — some good thoughts on the new evolutions of the interface design language: Think Bigger: Design Changes in iOS 11

Need more? Check out your veritably canonical reference to everything new over at New stuff from WWDC 2017!

UPDATES:

Changes to location tracking in iOS 11; Location Permissions in iOS 11 and avoiding the Blue Bar of Shame

iOS 11, Privacy and Single Sign On

What’s New In UIKit Animations In Swift 4

Working with CoreNFC in iOS 11

ARKit And Kaboodle

The other obviously transformational technology introduced at WWDC this year was Apple’s sudden leap from

One thing is clear: Apple needs to get moving soon.

to, a mere 5 days later — how’s that for “soon?” —

If Apple gets this right, they will own the hardware market for years to come.

and what we’re sure must be by far the quickest ever adoption of an Apple-only technology outside the computer industry,

Ikea’s plans for ARKit revealed, virtual shopping tool will launch in fall with iOS 11

so let’s start collecting links on that shall we?

Introducing ARKit

With ARKit, iPhone and iPad can analyze the scene presented by the camera view and find horizontal planes in the room. ARKit can detect horizontal planes like tables and floors, and can track and place objects on smaller feature points as well. ARKit also makes use of the camera sensor to estimate the total amount of light available in a scene and applies the correct amount of lighting to virtual objects…

… yeah ok that’s pretty cool.

There’s already signup open for ARKit Weekly to keep abreast of news here, and the same obviously extra-keen folk have also started

Made With ARKit: Hand-picked curation of the coolest stuff made with #ARKit

That’s some pretty darn nifty videos there for, like two weeks at this!

To grab some source code examples and interesting commentary, check out

Apple ARKit by Example

  1. Getting setup, draw a cube in virtual reality
  2. Plane Detection and Visualization
  3. Adding geometry and physics fun
  4. Physically Based Rendering

ARShooter – An Example Shooter Created Using iOS 11’s ARKit

ViewAR does first tests with ARKit

3 Things To Know About Apple’s ARKit

Apple’s new augmented reality platform may be its next game-changer

Pretty cool huh? It’s like the future’s so bright we have to wear shades … except the whole point of Apple AR (so far…) is that we don’t!

UPDATES:

ARBrush: “Quick demo of 3d drawing in ARKit using metal + SceneKit.”

ARKit Tutorial in Swift 4 for Xcode 9 using SceneKit

Watch a Tesla Model 3 come to life

ARTetris: “Augmented Reality Tetris made with ARKit and SceneKit”

Getting Started with ARKit: Waypoints

ARKit introduction

Wenderlich Introduction to ARKit:

  1. Getting Started
  2. Adding 3D Models
  3. Measuring Distances

I’m presenting the ARKit workshop at RWDevCon 2018!

ARKit-CoreLocation: “Combines the high accuracy of AR with the scale of GPS data.”

Inside iOS 11: The coolest Apple ARKit demos created so far

Using ARKit with Metal

ARKit-CoreLocation: “Combines the high accuracy of AR with the scale of GPS data.”

ARKit and Autism: New Futures

Adventures in ARKit (with magic)

ARPaint: “Draw with bare fingers in the air using ARKit.”

ARKit for iOS Developers

Why is ARKit better than the alternatives?; Why Apple’s glasses won’t include ARKit ; Q&A on ARKit

FaceRecognition-in-ARKit: “Detects faces using the Vision-API and runs the extracted face through a CoreML-model to identiy the specific persons”

Latest demos with iOS 11 ARKit show plated food, 3D sculpting with Apple Pencil

New Augmented Reality Resources Now AvailableARKit Human Interface Guidelines

Apple invites developers, media to Cupertino HQ to showcase ARKit apps

arkit-occlusion: “A demonstration of vertical planes “tracking” and occlusions with ARKit+Scenekit”

How is ARCore better than ARKit?

Using ARKit with Metal and Using ARKit with Metal part 2

Why ARKit will be Apple’s biggest innovation in years

Animating a 3D model in AR with ARKit and Mixamo

ARKit and CoreLocation: Part One

IKEA App

How Is ARCore Better Than ARKit? + The Potential of Apple’s ARKit

How Apple’s iPhone X TrueDepth AR waltzed ahead of Google’s Tango

ARKit Tutorial: Understanding and Implementing 3D Objects

Core MLagueña

Checked out the WW17 Roundup yet? OK then, let’s start digging into this new stuff a little deeper. And we’ll start with the one with the most buzz around the web,

Introducing Core ML

Machine learning opens up opportunities for creating new and engaging experiences. Core ML is a new framework which you can use to easily integrate machine learning models into your app. See how Xcode and Core ML can help you make your app more intelligent with just a few lines of code.

Vision Framework: Building on Core ML

Vision is a new, powerful, and easy-to-use framework that provides solutions to computer vision challenges through a consistent interface. Understand how to use the Vision API to detect faces, compute facial landmarks, track objects, and more. Learn how to take things even further by providing custom machine learning models for Vision tasks using CoreML.

By “more intelligent” what do we mean exactly here? Why, check out

iOS 11: Machine Learning for everyone

The API is pretty simple. The only things you can do are:

  1. loading a trained model
  2. making predictions
  3. profit!!!

This may sound limited but in practice loading a model and making predictions is usually all you’d want to do in your app anyway…

Yep, probably. Some people are very excited about that approach:

Apple Introduces Core ML

When was the last time you opened up a PDF file and edited the design of the document directly?

You don’t.

PDF is not about making a document. PDF is about being able to easily view a document.

With Core ML, Apple has managed to achieve an equivalent of PDF for machine learning. With their .mlmodel format, the company is not venturing into the business of training models (at least not yet). Instead, they have rolled out a meticulously crafted red carpet for models that are already trained. It’s a carpet that deploys across their entire lineup of hardware.

As a business strategy, it’s shrewd. As a technical achievement, it’s stunning. It moves complex machine learning technology within reach of the average developer…

Well, speaking as that Average Developer here, yep this sure sounds like a great way to dip a toe into $CURRENT_BUZZWORD without, y’know, having to actually work at it. Great stuff!

Here’s some more reactions worth reading:

Here’s some models to try it out with, or you can convert your own built with XGBoost, Caffe, LibSVM, scikit-learn, and Keras :

  • Places205-GoogLeNet CoreML (Detects the scene of an image from 205 categories such as an airport terminal, bedroom, forest, coast, and more.)
  • ResNet50 CoreML (Detects the dominant objects present in an image from a set of 1000 categories such as trees, animals, food, vehicles, people, and more.)
  • Inception v3 CoreML (Detects the dominant objects present in an image from a set of 1000 categories such as trees, animals, food, vehicles, people, and more.)
  • VGG16 CoreML (Detects the dominant objects present in an image from a set of 1000 categories such as trees, animals, food, vehicles, people, and more.)

And some samples and tutorials:

Also note NSLinguisticTagger that’s part of the new ML family here too.

For further updates we miss, check out awesome-core-ml and Machine Learning for iOS !

UPDATES:

YOLO: Core ML versus MPSNNGraph

Why Core ML will not work for your app (most likely)

Blog: Getting Started with Vision

MLCamera – Vision & Core ML with AVCaptureSession Inceptionv3 model

Can Core ML in iOS Really Do Hot Dog Detection Without Server-side Processing?

Bringing Machine Learning to your iOS Apps 🤖📲

Creating A Simple Game With CoreML In Swift 4

Custom classifiers in iOS11 using CoreML and Vision

Using Vision Framework for Text Detection in iOS 11

Smart Gesture Recognition in iOS 11 with Core ML and TensorFlow

Awesome-CoreML-Models: “Largest list of models for Core ML (for iOS 11+)”

WWDC 2017 Roundup

That was a particularly good WWDC this year wasn’t it? Lots of possibly transformational technologies introduced it’s going to be very interesting indeed to see how they play out!

We’ll explore those in more depth later on, but for now let’s sort out some resource links and initial reactions.

First up, you want to go download The Unofficial WWDC app for macOS:

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Isn’t that pretty? Definitely your WWDC video viewing app of choice, we say!

Next, address this problem

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with the WWDC-Downloader script over at Github.

(And while that’s all downloading for your next transcontinental plane flight or whatever, have your heart warmed with

WWDC17 Scholarship winner Kenny Batista shared his experiences at Apple’s big week for developers !)

If you want to prioritize a bit, here’s a WWDC 2017 Viewing Guide that looks solid.

There’s enough interesting new technologies that they deserve roundup posts each as there’s going to be a lot of figuring out there to keep track of, so for now we’ll just link a couple overviews hitting the highest points:

The 2017 Apple Design Award Winners

WWDC 2017 Initial Impressions from the Wenderlich team

Another take from the Big Nerd Ranch crew at WWDC 2017: Helping You Get Things Done

Also check out their article New HEVC & HEIF Media Formats: What You Need to Know and Begun, The Codec War Has for background on the fur that’s no doubt going to be flying all over about that soon.

Oh, and we’ll put An In Depth Look At the New App Store and New rules following WWDC 2017 here too — there’s some interesting changes there you want to be aware of. Most notably to us, that finally The new iOS App Store lets devs choose whether or not to reset ratings when updating!! Woo-woo-woohoo!

And as always, over at mjtsai.com you can find a near-canonical list of WWDC 2017 Links for deeper diving!

UPDATES:

HEIF: A First Nail in JPEG’s Coffin?

Swift Witness For Sourcery

Yep, think we’ve outdone ourselves with the obscure title references this time. If you knew it was from Malachi 3:5, our congratulations!

What we’re talking about today is what you might have noticed when it was named Insanity, but these days is called Sourcery:

What is Sourcery?

Sourcery scans your source code, applies your personal templates and generates Swift code for you, allowing you to use meta-programming techniques to save time and decrease potential mistakes.

Using it offers many benefits:

  • Write less repetitive code and make it easy to adhere to DRY principle.
  • It allows you to create better code, one that would be hard to maintain without it, e.g. performing automatic property level difference in tests
  • Limits the risk of introducing human error when refactoring.
  • Sourcery doesn’t use runtime tricks, in fact, it allows you to leverage compiler, even more, creating more safety.
  • Immediate feedback: Sourcery features built-in daemon support, enabling you to write your templates in real-time side-by-side with generated code.

Sourcery is so meta that it is used to code-generate its boilerplate code

We’re pretty leery of tools like this in general as they end up being yet another cesspool of technical debt, but that this one is based on SourceKitten is interesting enough to at least pay some attention to it. And it’s catching a bit of buzz:

How to Automate Swift Boilerplate Code with Sourcery

Switching between our Android projects written in Java (or more recently, Kotlin) and iOS projects in Swift makes me sorely miss annotation processing. Annotations in Java can be used to generate common code and things that Swift developers would have to hand write. Hand written code has to be bug free and consistently updated and maintained. Things like implementing equals and parsing JSON typically require boilerplate code, unique enough that you cannot abstract it away.

Although Swift does not have annotation processing, we can get pretty close with Sourcery. Let’s take a look at how it all works in this quick Sourcery tutorial…

AutoEquatable and AutoHashable by Sourcery

I’m really interested in Sourcery, so I installed it in my one of repositories. In my case, I generated AutoEquatable and AutoHashable at first because I felt these implementations contain really a lot of boilerplate codes…

If I add a new property or a new API, it prevents a human error! Though it looks trivial, Sourcery uses a safe Hashable as I mentioned in Safe Hashable in Swift. Isn’t it cool?

The Magic of Sourcery

Sourcery is a code generation tool for Swift. It is particularly well suited for auto-generating code that is very repetitious; code most developers refer to as “boilerplate”. Some examples that come to mind:

  • Equatable implementations
  • Hashable implementations
  • struct initializers
  • Lens implementations …

Sourcery — Meta-programing in Swift

Think of the potential : you can basically generate all the boilerplates of your architecture be it CLEAN or VIPER, you can generate all the protocol implementation or even the Realm data object, or even a view based on the variables that are being declared ( Sourcery do support inline code generate ). A declarative view ! The sky is the limit !

Meta Programming Swift with Sourcery

#292: Metaprogramming with Sourcery 🔮

#294: Annotations with Sourcery 🔮

#295: Building an API client with Sourcery Key/Value Annotations 🔮

If you’re looking for a good project to try this out with, a decent set of VIPER templates would be eagerly welcomed. Let us know if you come up with something!

UPDATES:

Sourcery Tutorial: Generating Swift code for iOS

Sourcery In Practice

All About Errors

Here’s one to bookmark for reference: The veritably _definitive_ guide to

Error Handling in Swift

Regardless of your skill, handling errors is a common task for any developer. As developers we have complete control of the code we write and features we include, but despite our best efforts, we don’t control everything. We don’t control the values our users enter or whether our applications have access to the resources they need. In this post we’re going to look at how we can handle these situations by looking at error handling in Swift…

Pretty certain you’ll find something new here no matter what your skill level:

Up to now we didn’t even realize catch could take a where clause, huh. That’s what a couple decades of C++ will do to you, reflexively cringe in triggered terror at the mere thought of “exception”. But we’ll get through it — that bit about propagating back asynchronously looks particularly interesting!

UPDATES:

Providing a unified Swift error API

Picking the right way of failing in Swift

Throws Helps Readability

Matching NSError in a catch and Update: Matching NSErrors

Swift’s Error Handling Implementation

Total programming in Swift

Swiftier Swift, Swiftly

Everybody wants their Swift programs to run swiftier, right? In case you haven’t stumbled across it so far, The Canonical List Of Recommended Ways To Do That is found right in the Swift github repo:

Writing High-Performance Swift Code

So you should go read that at the first opportunity and keep an eye on edits too!

Follow that up with this excellently accessible talk:

Real World Swift Performance

Lots of things can make your application slow. In this talk we’re going to explore application performance from the bottom. Looking at the real world performance impact of Swift features (Protocols, Generics, Structs, and Classes) in the context of data parsing, mapping, and persistence, we will identify the key bottlenecks as well as the performance gains that Swift gives us…

Here’s a couple more illuminating posts on instruction level speediness:

Unowned or Weak? Lifetime and Performance

os_unfair_lock is the new synchronization hotness!

Mind you, it’s quite likely that for many of you the most compelling thing that springs to mind on reading the headline there is not swiftier execution, but swiftier compilation, amirite? Here’s some backgrounders and tips on that:

Profiling your Swift compilation times

Guarding Against Long Compiles

Speeding Up Slow Swift Build Times

Regarding Swift build time optimizations

After I read @nickoneill’s excellent post Speeding Up Slow Swift Build Times last week, it’s hard not to look at Swift code in a slightly different light. A single line of what could be considered clean code now raises a new question — should it be refactored to 9 lines to please the compiler? (see the nil coalescing operator example further down) What is more important? Concise code or compiler friendly code? Well, it depends on project size and developer frustration.

Before getting to some examples, let me first mention that going through log files manually is very time consuming. Someone came up with a terminal command to make it easier but I took it a step further and threw together an Xcode plugin

Also check out Swift build time optimizations — Part 2 for followup.

And you’re probably vaguely aware that XCTest does performance these days but haven’t adopted it wholeheartedly yet, right? Check out

measure(): How to optimize our slow code and adjust the baseline

XCTest makes performance testing extraordinarily easy: you give it a closure to run, and it will execute that code 10 times in a row. You’ll then get a report back of how long the call took on average, what the standard deviation was (how much variance there was between runs), and even how fast each of those 10 runs performed if you want the details…

Kinda handy to be able to get hard numbers for your refactoring efforts that easily, indeed.

Any other compilation or execution tips, tricks, and tradeoffs to share, Dear Readers?

UPDATES:

Improving Swift compile times

Swift one-line type-checking lasting 27s

How we cut our iOS app’s launch time in half (with this one cool trick)

A record-breaking story of boosting the launch time of Mail.Ru’s email app for iOS

Swift Performance