Archive for 'Programming'

Custom Fonts

So we have an occasion to be interested in embedding custom fonts in an iPhone application. Specifically, this DS-Digital font. It turns out that custom fonts are not quite as easy as one would hope to work with in an iPhone application. As a matter of fact, if you look around the ‘net, you’ll find opinions ranging from “it would be really hard” to “it’s not actually possible”, with people doing things like rendering fonts into UIImages to do that kind of thing since they can’t sort it out from the documentation. Yoiks! We’re looking for something rather more transparent than that! (Although we do note that the tool linked there would be quite handy indeed for using custom fonts in actual OpenGL work, like games … as would that author’s texture creator here.)

But fear not — although rather (unduly, in fact, someone less gracious than ourselves might observe…) challenging, it is, indeed, perfectly possible to use honest-to-goodness embedded CGFonts for text rendering in your iPhone app! To skip over lightly all the pitfalls, simply download this fine, fine piece of work which sorts out all the issues with a FontManager class to load the fonts and a FontLabel class to display them, with a CGFontRef-savviness category on NSString to help out … and:

fontsuccess

Sweet! The only trivial bit of trickery left to use it exactly as provided is to make sure that your font file name matches the font contained therein. Which the DOS-friendly filename from the above link didn’t, of course. But that is trivially corrected by double-clicking it in the Finder and reading off the name it displays.

So now that you know how, let’s round up sources of free fonts for your embedding joy, shall we? We focus on free sources here not because we’re cheap but because common license terms of commercial fonts are going to not be happy in the slightest with redistribution through application embedding. So unless you’re absolutely 100% sure that the IP lawyersharks aren’t going to hunt you down and feed on your entrails for unauthorized distribution of commercial fonts that you have bought, it behooves you greatly to only use fonts with freely redistributable license terms. Which we believe that you’ll find in abundance — or at least here and there — at these sites:

Any other sources of license-unencumbered embeddable fonts you care to recommend, Dear Readers?

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14

Displaying PDFs

So if you want to display static content from HTML and PDF in your application, you probably know that it’s pretty easy to just throw the files into a folder and display them in a UIWebView something like this:

NSString *basePath = [[[NSBundle mainBundle] bundlePath] stringByAppendingString:@"/html/"];
NSURL *baseURL = [NSURL fileURLWithPath:basePath];
NSString *dataPath = [basePath stringByAppendingString:FILENAMEHERE];
NSString *dataType = [dataPath hasSuffix:@"pdf"] ? @"application/pdf" : @"text/html" ;
NSData *infoData = [NSData dataWithContentsOfFile:dataPath];
[infoView loadData:infoData MIMEType:dataType textEncodingName:@"UTF-8" baseURL:baseURL];

which works just fine, if your data is formatted nicely for iPhone display. Which for HTML is easy to sort; but it’s rather less likely that the PDFs you’re provided are suitable for iPhone display, they may be unduly large, inappropriate compression, yadayadayada. Well, here’s how you fix that quickly: just get the handy-dandy PDF Shrink desktop utility and apply iPhone-targeted compression settings. Convenient, yes?

Now, if you’d prefer a free alternative, or if you’re interested in perhaps putting programmatic conversion into a utility of your own, here is a useful walkthrough of creating a Quartz Filter to apply to exporting from Preview.app, which presumably you could apply from within your own code as well.

But if you really want your PDFs to get displayed professionally with table of contents and everything, here’s just your thing: The fellow who published the book ‘Scientific Scripting with Python’ exclusively on the App Store has very kindly provided a detailed walkthrough of constructing the application, formatting the document for the device, providing a table of contents … all with BSD-licensed open source!

If you decide to publish your own book using the source code, here is what you will need to do:

  1. Create a document like the one I made in Pages, with the same or similar page layout and text formatting.
  2. Generate a PDF from the document, and include it in the Xcode project.
  3. Change the value of the BKPDFFileName variable in BooksViewController.m to point to your PDF file.
  4. Change the data in the TableOfContents.plist file so the table of contents is correct.
  5. Double click the ‘Python’ target, and change the name to something suitable for your book.
  6. In the Build settings of the target, change the ‘Product Name’ setting.

That should cover most of it.

Sweet! Not that we have any actual full books to publish at the moment, but hey if we ever do we certainly know where to start!

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0

Libraries: Mapping

So today, let’s pull together a roundup of all the mapping options for your iPhone development, shall we?

1) First off, you’re no doubt aware from posts like this that much of the Maps.app functionality is exposed to any developer through MapKit.framework in OS 3.0 — and for earlier versions you can do more or less the same working with iphone-google-maps-component as we mentioned ages ago. However, if you’re actually planning on making any money off it, the terms of service may very well be an issue, as discussed here. We’ll have to see how that works out.

2) As an alternative to Google, there’s VirtualEarthKit for Microsoft Virtual Earth, also discussed previously here. Unless there’s some specific reason to prefer this, it would seem the path of least resistance has definitely tilted toward 1) with the imminent MapKit.framework now, though.

3) There’s the commercial/free ad-supported option of mapNinja which we mentioned when released a couple months ago, which looks interesting but again probably superseded by official SDK developments.

4) The apparently most popular current option is the BSD-licensed route-me library which, yet again, we mentioned earlier, and can use a variety of sources.

5) And finally, one we actually have not posted about before! Yes, you were starting to wonder why a post with nothing but rehashes, weren’t you? Well, this one looks particularly interesting; the great folks at CloudMade, who wrap assorted useful functionality around OpenStreetMap, now have an iPhone Maps Library!

The iPhone Maps Library lets you build interactive mapping applications for the iPhone. With this API you can

  • Build applications that give users a rich mapping experience on the iPhone
  • Benefit from our tile servers which deliver mobile optimized maps to your users
  • Easily integrate with the iPhone’s location API to show your user’s position in real time

Just like our other APIs, we don’t want to restrict the uses of this API – you are free to create applications that use our maps in any way you like, as long as they comply with the terms of the iPhone SDK agreement. What’s more, this library is open source – so you are free to extend and re-use it as you want.

Well, that’s excellent, isn’t it? The reasonably friendly LGPL for the source license, can’t beat the CC-by-SA data license anywhere, and their API appears to have good documentation, examples, and most important of all, other people have already selected it to do cool stuff with; the apparently well-regarded Trails and OffMaps are reportedly both using the CloudMade library.

So there you go; as long as you’re targeting 2.x users, we’d say that CloudMade deserves to be at the top of your short list for implementation options, and depending on licensing terms, probably even if 3.0 dependence is OK.

‘Course, what we really want to do is get our own topo maps onto the device — come now, if you’re on a ROAD, how much do you really need a map for, after all? — so whenever we get around to seriously comparing libraries, pretty much our only criterion is “so how do we swap our own local tile provider in here then?” which the existence of OffMaps seems to indicate makes the CloudMade stuff the leading candidate for that too!

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0

Tip: Tinted Buttons

Here’s a handy tip for creating custom colored buttons on the fly for your iPhone interface: don’t make them buttons at all, make them single segmented UISegmentedControls, and muck with the “tintColor” property. Ooh, shiny!

glassbuttons

And hey, there’s something you can apply that nifty color picker we mentioned to have your users customize your color scheme on the fly. Oh, the sartorial possibilities just stagger the imagination, don’t they?
[EDIT: Since UISegmentedControls don't work quite like buttons, following this tip will make your UI just that little bit off. But here is a much better way to make your buttons shiny!]

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1

Free Books

Here’s an eminently bookmarkable site we hadn’t heard of before; E-Books Directory, devoted to listing free downloadable books:

E-Books Directory is a daily growing list of freely downloadable ebooks, documents and lecture notes found all over the internet. You can submit and promote your own ebooks, add comments on already posted books or just browse through the directory below and download anything you need.

With 1796 books and counting, there’s something for probably pretty much everybody, but we’d like to draw your attention in particular to the 338 books currently in the programming category. Not to mention the rest of the ‘Computers & Internet’ category, or the quite possibly useful to a programmer mathematics and engineering categories. Good stuff!

h/t: DZone!

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0

Code: Color Picker

Here’s a nifty piece of code: a touch-based color picker for your iPhone application!

colorpicker

Not that we can think of a good reason to use it just at the moment … but it’s a nifty piece of code to check out anyways!

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1

Unit Testing

So up ’til now there have been some options for doing unit testing on your iPhone applications, but they’ve involved enough effort and annoyance that, well, they just aren’t used as often as respectable programming practice would imply. Not around here, anyways; more like idly kick the idea around, grumble “Why hasn’t Apple seen fit to integrate OCUnit as nicely as in desktop Cocoa projects?” and continue on with non-test driven development.

Well, turns out that it’s actually been there since SDK 2.2, in the simulator at least, and rumour has it that device support may be coming soon! So, it behooves us to get started now, as even running unit tests in the simulator is a useful exercise, yes?

iPhone Unit Testing at the OCUnit authors’ website is a quick introduction with sample project.

iPhone Unit Testing with OCUnit at 6Tringle is a great detailed tutorial.

And at the mothership, read the introduction, walkthrough, Unit Testing Guide, and otest and RunTargetUnitTests documentation to get a handle on just why it’s so nice to be able to take advantage of Xcode’s support!

And on a not completely unrelated note, here’s a project on Google Code called Bromine that aims to let you create automated interface tests:

It maps your entire application to XML structures so you can access your views via xpath and verify values, scroll tables, simulate touches, edit text and more.

This project was inspired by Matt Gallagher’s article (Cocoa with Love: Automated user interface testing on the iPhone) which brings, among others, the base technique for this project: simulate touch.

That looks worth working into as well for a complete testing strategy, indeed.

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4

Snippet: 306 Colors

So there was this thread on iPhoneSDK where a fellow was wondering what UIColor to use to imitate Settings.app’s non-editable text — R81, G102, B145 was the suggestion — and along with that came a post of 305 other colors, from alizarin through zinnwaldite. Which is already more new words than we learn in an average day. So we figured we just had to grab that!

We’d repost it but it’s a bit long and annoying to reformat from text, as we know having just done exactly that … so if you want to find out what UIColors “caputMortuum”, “razzmatazz”, “tyrianPurple” and another 300+ are, download TWUIColors.zip and check for yourself!

UPDATES:

And there’s another UIColor helper set in Erica Sadun’s github collection!

UIColor Helper Library Providing 100 Predefined Colors And Easy Color Scheme Creation

Library Providing A UIColor Category For Easy Access To iOS 7 Colors

Handy Library Providing Easy Access To Colors And Gradients Used In iOS 7 Apps And Icons

Handy UIColor Categories Providing Easy Access To Crayola And Pantone Colors

Open Source UIColor Add-On Library Providing Easy Access To Colors Used By Specific Brands

Open Source iOS Library Providing Helpers For Flat UI Colors

bfeher/BFPaperColors: “Flat colors taken from Google’s Paper Material Design.”

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0

Code: llamasettings

So, been thinking about implementing your app’s settings internally, perhaps with the code we mentioned before? Well, here’s another fine-looking option, llamasettings at Google Code:

llamasettings is a series of classes to be used in your iPhone SDK application that provide a standard-looking settings list.

There are some screenshots that you can look at of it in action.

Advantages over Settings.app

  • Pre-canned, working code – You don’t need to fidget with creating tables, figuring out default settings, etc.
  • Standard PLIST file format – based heavily on Apple’s settings schema, so it’s already something you know.
  • Integrated within your application – the user doesn’t need to exit the app to change a setting
  • More extendable – all of the source is available, with an easy interface to add more widget types
  • More configurability out of the box – provides things like date pickers, color pickers, and so on, not available in Apple’s Settings.app

h/t: iPhoneSDK!

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1

Tip: Multiple keychains

As you’re quite undoubtedly aware if you work for more than one client, the process of switching signing identities to select the correct provisioning profile is … non-optimal, shall we say? Our current “solution” actually involves manually deleting all except the currently in use certificate from the login keychain so Xcode doesn’t descend into hopelessly gibbering confusion by actually having more than one distribution option available. And Ad Hoc … well, we just don’t even try that on our development machine anymore.

But ho! Here’s some instructions from an obviously very clever fellow who’s sorted out how to set up individual client keychains with the appropriate certs and keys for each portal you’re involved with. The main trick it seems for getting from what ought to work to what actually works without having to completely wipe your phone and restart while flailing at it is knowing that the only tool that apparently is any good is managing this stuff is iPhone Configuration Utility from Apple, so you should use it for all your profile work, and just make iTunes and Xcode shut up and stay out of the way while the grownups sort things out!

[EDIT: But watch out for some versioning issues with the device communication frameworks; if you've installed a 3.0 beta SDK and then install iPCU, you'll have to reinstall the beta SDK -- not the 2.2.1 release! -- before iTunes/Xcode will see your devices again. Whoops!]

[EDIT: And here is a useful wiki for your clients which includes instructions for the team agent to create and mail you the distribution profile and certificate. A useful place to point them at, indeed!]

[EDIT: And here's a tip for a script to add to set the keychain to what you want for a project:

#!/bin/sh
/usr/bin/osascript - <<***
tell application "Keychain Scripting"
set current keychain to keychain named "mike.keychain"
end tell
***

Yes, never forget that AppleScript is usable from the command line!]

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